# 5-Bus System (Bergen's Book Test Case)

I. Introduction:

$$\bullet$$ This simple 5 Bus Test Case is taken from the text book of Bergen and Vittal [1].
$$\bullet$$ Nodal admittance matrix:

II. Single-Line Diagram:

$$\bullet$$ The single-line diagram of the proposed system - as taken from the book - is shown below:

III. Files:

$$\bullet$$ Illustrative Solution (PDF Format) [Download]

IV. References:

[1] Arthur R. Bergen, and Vijay Vittal, Power Systems Analysis, 2nd ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2000.